Refugees and Forced Migration

Refugees and Forced Migration

Abstract

The escalation of violence in countries such as Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, and Libya has led to the displacement, forced migration and voluntary migration from the biggest group of people since the World War 2. According to UNHCR, almost 60 million have been forcibly displaced by the end of 2014 in the midst of ongoing conflicts in several African and Middle East countries (Castles, 2015). 2015, has seen an upsurge in the migrants and refugees going to Europe through Mediterranean Sea to seek asylum, and high rate of migration has led to death of many migrants following capsizing of their boats in the Mediterranean sea. The escalation in the number of people forcibly displaced from their homes by war or by economic pressure has attracted the global attention, especially with recent terrorist in the France capital city, Paris, has led to a gargantuan political dilemma amongst European and American countries, on whether to implement border restrictions or open up borders for the high number of desperate refuges.

For this reason, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the contemporary migrants and refugee crisis in light of whether European and USA should have open border policy toward the asylum seekers or strict border regulation, given the infiltration of terrorist into this countries feigning as migrants. The independent……………………

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